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Pune city needs to gear up on transport and water infra fronts
Monday, January 30, 2012


Maharashtra government has promoted industrialisation across the city of Pune. The numbers of corporate offices, business processing units, call centers, banking and insurance services have grown significantly. The abandoned industrial sights are converted into residential locations in the region. Township planning and low cost affordable housing is developed for growing population. All these factors resulted into increase in pressure on existing civic infrastructure. Pune local authorities should explore multimodal transport facilities based on need and feasibility of it's for each corridor. To avoid traffic problems, truck terminals, bus terminals and major wholesale markets should be developed on the outskirts of the city, finds Chandrashekhar Modi


Pune infrastructure is increasingly acquiring importance as one of the main infrastructural and industrial support of Maharashtra. Pune is one the most advanced, industrialized, and popular cities in Maharashtra. With a population of 75 lakh, Pune city has a well established primary, secondary, and tertiary sector. Pune's GDP is growing at the rate of around 8 per cent and Pune's per capita GDP is pegged at around Rs 50,000, taking Pune ahead of Hyderabad. Within India, Pune has the least gap between the rich and the poor. Pune's infrastructure has led to the city becoming sixth largest economy of India.

Industry

Pune infrastructure is well supported by the automobile and software sectors. Some of the major automobile-related units in Pune are Tata Motors, Bajaj Auto, Kinetic Engineering and Force Motors Ltd.Daimler Chrysler, Volkswagen, Mahindra Navistar to name a few.

Other major companies having industrial units in Pune are Coca Cola, Whirlpool, LG, Bharat Forge, Thermax, Cummins Engines Co, Sandvik Asia, Finolex, Greaves India, Eaton Corporation, Frito Lay. Prominent software giants have chosen the Pune due to its efficient infrastructure and easy availability of skilled, English-speaking manpower. Some of that have a major presence are Infosys, TCS, HSBC Global Technology, IBM, Dell, Tech Mahindra, Wipro, Xansa, KPIT Cummins, Neilsoft, Kanbay Software, Accenture, Cognizant, Siemens and I-Flex. Pune industry is undergoing an unprecedented boom, with 1700 companies setting up base there in 2005-06. Software export from Pune is expected to be Rs 9,000 crore in 2006-07.

Water infrastructure

The government of Maharashtra has promoted industrialisation across Pune region. Due to such policy, automobile, engineering, electronic, information technology and biotechnology industries have grown very fast. Such industries have created huge employment opportunities in the region. Therefore immigration of indigent rural labour and qualified professionals from other states took place. Along with the production and manufacturing, the growth of services sector also concurred. The numbers of corporate offices, business processing units, call centers, banking and insurance services have grown significantly. The abandoned industrial sights are converted into residential locations in the region. Township planning and low cost affordable housing is developed for growing population. All these factors resulted into increase in pressure on existing civic infrastructure. In the region, drinking water is not supplied on equitable basis and coverage is low. The reasons are topography, faulty and old pipeline, inadequate distribution system, transmission and distribution losses of water etc. The storage capacity of drinking water is also low. Demand of water in various wards is different. It depends on density of population, industrial and commercial units and institutions. The supply of water is depending on transmission and distribution losses, stock of water, duration and pressure of water etc. If the demand of water is not matching with supply in wards then it results into unequal distribution of drinking water. Some wards get round the clock water whereas some wards hardly get water in the region. Water tariffs are low and it is not regularly paid by the consumers. Drinking water is used for commercial and construction purposes. Water use laws are weak and they are easily violated.

Water provided by the tankers in far flung areas have lower coverage. Such water cannot be stored by the households because it is provided in a lower quantity and poor households do not have storage facilities. Therefore women and children are carrying drinking water from far places. It affects on the children's schooling performance and often results into lower schooling. Women cannot participate in the productive activities because carrying water from far places reduces the time for household chores, leisure and learning etc. Households can not relay on the ground water because it is highly polluted by the industrial units. Drinking such water causes water borne diseases. Reliable drinking water is becoming a scarce commodity in far flung areas of the region.

Pune city is transmuting from big city to mega city. It has already vanquished its peers such as Ahmadabad, Chandigad and Lucknow in terms of civic infrastructure. Now urban infrastructure is required to sustain the growth of city and water supply cannot be ignored. Therefore drinking water must be provided for 24/7 with adequate and equitable basis.

Pune metropolitan region consist of the Pune Municipal Corporation, Pune and Khadki Cantonment, Pimpri Chinchawad Municipal Corporation. Pune and Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation have separate sources of drinking water supply. In Pune city, drinking water supply system is very old and it exists since 1750. Pune city received first piped drinking water supply from Katraj via Amboli odha, Shaniwarwada. After this scheme of water supply, the Swargate water work came in existence in the year 1873. Such scheme is planned to treat raw water and supply to Pune city. Such water supply scheme is on Mutha right bank cannel and it is picked up at Swargate. Total water supply was inadequate for rising population. When Pune city reached at the status of Municipal Corporation in the year 1950, a project of 45mld is developed on the Mutha right bank cannel. Such scheme has provided water to the Pune city and Cantonment. Other than two major water supply schemes, Pune city gets drinking water from the Holkar water works. It is constructed in 1919 on Mula River. It supplied 22 mld water to Pune city and Khadki Cantonment. Warje water work is constructed in 1999 which added 23mld drinking water. Such scheme is build on the Khadakwasla dam. The capacity of Khadakwasla dam is 56 million cubic meters.

Wagholi water work is built on the Pavana dam in 2000. It added 23mld drinking water. Such scheme is planned to provide water to the villages on the boundary of Pune city. Due to the merger of the villages in the Pune municipal area, the villages are obliged to provide the drinking water. Total installed capacity of five water supply schemes in Pune Municipal Corporation is 793 mld. For Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation (PCMC), Pavana dam is a major source of drinking water. It is constructed in 1972. Intake works are constructed in the river bed 150 meter upstream of the existing Punawale weir near Ravet village. It is six kilometer away from the city. Around 91 percent of the stored water in the dam is utilized for non-irrigation purposes. Drinking water is mainly supplied to the Talegaon, Dehu Road cantonment and Pimpri Chinchwad town ship. Everyday 350mld (51 per cent) raw water is lifted from Pavana dam and supplied to Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal area. Pavana dam has capacity of 241milion cubic meters.

In Pune Metropolitan Region, demand of drinking water by population is 672mld. It is almost 82 percent of the total demand of drinking water. In Pune city, current population is more than three million and it is expected to cross five million by 2021(PMC, 2006).Similarly in Pimpri Chinchwad, it is estimated to reach 15.07 lakh and 21.05 lakh by 2011 and 2021 respectively (PCMC, 2006). Urbanisation in the region has resulted in more demand of water. Industrial demand of water is only 5 percent (41.14 mld) in the region. Such demand is lower because most of the industrial units are shifting out side of metropolitan area. The commercial units such as hotels, restaurants are increasing. The water demand by the restaurant is 38.24mld. Demand of water by the hotels is 21.67mld.

In the metropolitan area, water demand by the other commercial units such as mall and other entertainment unit is 8.71mld. In Pune and Pimpri Chinchwad two wheelers, cars are more. Potable water is used for the washing cleaning, repairing of cars and two wheelers in the region. The demand of potable water is almost 11mld. Water demand by the health centers is 1.71mld. In the Pune Metropolitan Region, the numbers of educational institutions have grown significantly over the period of time. The water is used for drinking, cleaning, gardening etc. Water demand by the various colleges is 8.46mld.

Drinking water supply distribution systems are separate in Pune and Pimpri Chinchwad municipal area. In Pune city, water supply operation is divided into seventeen zones. Each zone has its specified area and service. In some part of the city water is pumped and in some part water is distributed through gravity. It is also depend on the zonal reservoirs. Water is distributed through pipes consist of different diameters. The lowest diameter size of pipe is 80mm and highest diameter is 1600 mm. Total length of the network of pipeline in the city is 647.18 k.m. Total length of the distribution of drinking water pipeline is 2,474 km. It also includes the 24 km transmission line. In Pune city, water supply pipeline is mainly located near the roads. Some roads have more than one pipe line. The reason is that it has been put at different time. Total length of road in Pune city is 1750 km. In Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation, the distribution network covers length of 722 km. It is 95 percent of the road length. The water supply system in PCMC covers whole developed area including slums. The newly added areas are catered by the tanker supply. Total water storage capacity is 74 mld and it is only 32 percent of installed capacity of the system. Therefore the reservoirs in PCMC are filled up more than two times a day. The water supply is distributed by gravity and pumping zone in the city.

The gravity zone comprises as areas south of the ridge and slopping towards Pawana River. It is served by clear water sumps with total capacity of 20ml. The gravity zone covers west side of Pune Mumbai highway and railway lines like Chinchwad, Gaonthan , Pimpri, Rahatni, Kalewadi, Wakad, Pimple Nilakh , Pimple Gurav, Sanghavi, Thergaon and surrounding areas. There are 24 Elevated Service Reservoirs (ESR's ) in the gravity zone. The Pumping zone comprises areas north of the ridge and slopping towards the Indrayani River. They are subdivided into eight water districts. Each water district is served from the local ESR's. Total ESR's are 15 in pumping zone. It is also depending on the system in that particular ward. The areas covered under pimping zones are Morwadi, Amruteshwar, Masulkar colony, Saint Tukaram Nagar, Kharalwadi, Bhosari, Dighi, Charoli, Wadmukhwadi, Dudhoolgaon, Bokkhel and other areas located on other side of the Pune- Nasik road. In Pune city, water supply operation and maintenance, pumping of water, treatment and distribution is taken care by the Pune Municipal Corporation staff. Due to wider service area and connections, total 1650 persons including technical staff is employed by the Pune Municipal Corporation. Contractors are also involved in the distribution and maintenance at the boundary of the municipal area. In Pimpri-Chinchwad Municipal area, water supply and service area is small. Therefore only 50 persons are employed.

In Pune city, quality of drinking water is regularly maintained as per IS 10500, 1991. The laboratory facilities at Parvati and Cantonment water works are well equipped with machinery. The physical, chemical and bacteriological tests of raw water as well as filtered water are carried out in the laboratory on regular basis. Daily 90 samples are collected at different points. It includes overhead and service reservoirs, intermediate connections in distribution network. The major portion is collected from the consumer taps. Water tests are divided as physical, chemical, microbiological examination of water. In daily supply of raw water, there is possibility of the presence of coli form and E coli organism. They may be more than 1800 per 100ml. After treatment of water, they are not present. In the month of August, turbidity in drinking water increases. The efficiency of Parvati water works as turbidity removal is approximately 67 per cent, which is of good quality. In Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal area, two water treatment plants are located in sector 23, Nigdi. Each one has capacity of 114mld. Total capacity matches to the installed capacity. In Pimpri Chinchwad municipal area, water treatment process is of conventional type. It consist of aeration fountain intake channels flash mixer, clariflocculator, rapid sand filters, chlorine contact tank, treated water sump and relevant TW, Pumping machinery. At present, PCMC has three water sumps and one BMR for storage of treated water. Treated water is further distributed to different zones in the city.

There is possibility of water contamination through open drainage system. If there is any complaint of water contamination in both Pune and Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation, then it is solved within 24 hours by engineers and staff.

Urban planning issues

Physical development and growth are haphazard and uncontrolled. The Development plan needs to be implemented correctly and reserved lands have to be used for specified purposes. The DP should be implemented in a time-bound manner. Given the vastness of the Corporation area, multi-nucleated development of the fringe areas is essential. Small-scale commercial activities catering to the day-to-day needs of the population do automatically get dispersed. However, special efforts need to be made by PMC to attract medium and large commercial centres and offices and avoid their sporadic development leading to ill-organized traffic patterns. Haphazard development, both for residential and industrial purposes, is a problem in the newly added areas. The first Metropolitan Plan had recognised that development was spilling into the peripheral villages and had provided that low-density development with an FSI of 0.5 may be permitted in these villages. But, these areas which were included in the regional plan as No Development Zones got excluded from the purview of the ULC Act as being not developed by virtue of their zoning for agricultural or allied purpose. However, these agricultural plots were purchased with impunity and some gram panchayats willingly gave building permissions to the owners of these plots. As a result, a cluster of illegally constructed buildings without proper layouts arose in these areas. Evaluation of transfer of development rights (TDR) and Accommodation Reservation is necessary. Judicious use of TDR based on the sustenance of the existing infrastructure must be made. Judicious use of TDR should aim at grant of TDR for only those acquisitions which are to be immediately developed by the PMC; correct interpretations of Development Control Rules regarding 'fixed' and 'floating' TDRs must be made and it should be ensured that 'lumping' of TDRs do not result in dense habitation which may overload the infrastructure. Strict enforcement of DC rules must be observed. Unauthorised use of premises should attract severe punishment. Also, non-conforming uses, such as tiny industries, cattle sheds, potteries etc. must be shifted beyond the residential areas in a time-bound manner. As per CPCB norms, the water of the Mula Mutha river is highly polluted and cannot be used for any purpose. Untreated wastes from various domestic areas which are released in the canals get discharged into the river. Khadakvasala lake is polluted by due to gasoline and oils released by washing vehicles as well as litter and organic debris resulting in indiscriminate use of surrounding area for picnics. Sewage effluents mix with water due to their proximity with each other. Several river banks have ghats and crematoriums in their vicinity or on their banks and these further pollute the river. Washing of clothes, animals, etc. in the river releases foam, alkaline and other detergents in the water.

Multimode public transport needed

The public transport facility should focus on availability, comfort and reliability. Ticketing should be rationalised. Pune Urban Agglomerate (PUA) should have at least 2000 buses as against the current fleet of 1000 buses. To encourage public transport and discourage private vehicles, high parking fees can be levied and certain areas declared vehicle free. The city should have dedicated bus lanes (both for existing and new routes); bus stops should be easily accessible.

The way ahead

Pune has a lot to be developed in terms of adequate infrastructure. Pune local authorities should explore multimodal transport facilities based on need and feasibility of it's for each corridor. To avoid traffic problems, truck terminals, bus terminals and major wholesale markets should be developed on the outskirts of the city. Also, a ring road must be developed. All reservation lands proposed in DP should be acquired and developed in a time-bound manner. PMC must have a transparent/market friendly land acquisition policy. Cultural heritage of the city (Tulsi bagh, Laxmi road, Phule markets etc) should be preserved.

Info Profile

ISMT: Engineered for precision
ISMT was promoted in 1977 . Beginning with an installed capacity of 15,000 metric tons per annum, ISMT commenced production in 1980 with the installation and commissioning of an Assel mill in technical collaboration with Mannesman Demag Meer of Germany. The company is one of the most diversified manufacturers of specialized seamless tubes in the world, producing tubes in the range of 6 to 273 mm OD. The company is one of the most modern alloy Steel plants in India that produces a wide range of alloy steels from 20 to 225 mm diameter. The company’s vision is to be the most sought after, efficient, profitable and respected producer globally of precision seamless tubes and alloy steels. ISMT has developed Tubes for various applications such as OCTG, Power Generation, Mining, Automotive, Bearings, Hydraulics. Now ISMT has developed and lauched Ultra High Strength Seamless Tubes for Heavy Structural Applications.
For further info: www.ismt.com
Email: rcrao@ismt.co.in

Powerscreen: Vision to excel
Powerscreen is an expert in the design and manufacture of mobile crushing equipment, mobile screening equipment and mobile washing equipment.
The company has a focus on galvanising global resources, decades of experience and in-depth industry knowledge to bring to the market a comprehensive product portfolio for the quarrying, mining and recycling industries. Powerscreen products operate in the toughest environments and feature nominal set-up times, market leading productivity rates and excellent reliability.
Powerscreen’s worldwide network of over 120 local dealers ensures that we deliver unbeaten customer support; from ensuring you get the right parts first time, to experienced field engineers should you need them. Our robust and reliable machinery aims to increase your productivity and efficiency.
For further info: www.powerscreen.com
Email: rajen.khoda@terex.com

Demag Cranes and Components: Driving India’s growth story
Demag cranes & components provides material flow, logistics and industrial drive solutions for companies of all sizes. With a vast product range spread across two business segments – Industrial cranes & Services, Demag caters to the needs of its customers with highest standards of innovation and quality. Demag Cranes and Components (India) offers a complete range of products and services available under the Demag AG umbrella in India. Demag India has in-house capabilities to design and manufacture cranes built to worlds class engineering standards and cater to Indian market by meeting all Indian statutory requirements. Demag India had a vision to set up a global engineering center for strengthening the engineering activities for Demag subsidiaries across the globe. The vision led to the establishment of the R&D center in India, as an extension to the R&D center at Wetter, Germany. The crane factory facilitates complete fabrication of standard cranes and process cranes.
or further info: www.demagcranes.co.in
Email: info@demagcranes.co.in

Atlas Copco: Committed to superior productivity through innovative products and services
Atlas Copco is a world leading provider of industrial productivity solutions. The products and services range from compressed air and gas equipment, generators, construction and mining equipment, industrial tools and assembly systems, to related aftermarket and rental. In close cooperation with customers and business partners, and with more than 136 years of experience, Atlas Copco innovates for superior productivity. Headquartered in Stockholm, Sweden, the Group’s global reach spans more than 170 markets. In 2009 Atlas Copco had 30 000 employees and annual revenues of approximately BSEK 64 (BEUR 6.0).
Atlas Copco (India) started operations in 1960, and has 22 offices across India, the registered office being at Pune. In 2009, Atlas Copco (India) Ltd. had about 1 700 employees and revenues of Rs 1,281 cr. (MEUR 213).
Atlas Copco’s Compressor Sales, a division of Atlas Copco India Limited, develops, manufactures, markets, and services oil-free and oil-injected stationary air compressors, portable air compressors, gas and process compressors, turbo expanders, electric power generators, air treatment equipment and air management systems. It also offers specialty rental services. With presence across India, it has an excellent network for providing after market services.
For further info: www.atlascopco.com
Email: info.compressor@in.atlascopco.com

Clarke Energy: Engineer-Install-Maintain
Clarke Energy is the Authorised Distributor and Service Provider for GE Energy’s gas engines in India. Clarke Energy is committed to delivering high quality installations and providing reliable, accountable, long term maintenance support for your generation equipment. Clarke Energy’s facilities meet the highest levels of environmental performance via the deployment renewable energy systems, through high efficiency generation from natural gas and by avoiding emissions from coal mines. Clarke Energy’s Indian operations were established in 1997 and cover engine sales and maintenance from a number of offices across the country. Clarke Energy’s Indian Head Office is located in Pune, Maharashtra. With service centers at Surat, Vadodara, Ankleshwar, Ahmedabad, Delhi, Agra, Chennai Hyderabad and, Kolkata ensure quick supply of spare parts/emergency spares; specialist tooling and equipment for installations across the country. Clarke Energy has a team of 180 service engineers based in various locations throughout India
Clarke India is the only company in India which has installed Gensets operating on biogas generated from various sources (e.g. municipal solid waste, sewage treatment, vegetable waste, poultry waste and animal waste).
For further info: www.clarke-energy.com
Email: India@Clarke-Energy.com

Electromech: Keeping up the growth curve
Established in 1979, today ElectroMech is the largest industrial cranes manufacturer in India by volumes, our state of the art plant being India’s largest crane manufacturing facility. The company offers precise solutions for wide-ranging applications in manufacturing plants and infrastructure projects through a complete range of Hoists and Cranes. The company is an exclusive India partner of ABUS Crane Systems, Germany – one of the world’s leading crane manufacturers. The manufacturing plant in Pune is the largest crane manufacturing facility in India practicing international standards of manufacturing and quality assurance. With a significant presence in more than 17 countries and a subsidiary company in Dubai, the company is steadily marching towards becoming a global brand of repute.
For further info: www.emech.in
E-mail: cranes@emech.in

Shree Siddhi-Vinayak Ispat: Offering complete range of structural steel
Shree Siddhi Vinayak Ispat is a Pune-based company with the manufacturing plant located at Satara in Maharashtra. The company is engaged into manufacturing of Channels ( 75 x 40 to 200 x 75), I Beams (100 x 50 to 150 x 75), RSJ poles (100 x 116,125 x 70,152 x 152), Round bars (dia 6 mm to dia 63 mm), Flats from (12 x 3 to 200 x 25), Square bars (6 mm to 25 mm) and T-angles. The company places a lot of emphasis on quality and the products are manufactured in conformance with IS 2062 Grade A/2006. Products are sold under the brand JINDAL-SVI which is identified for its superior quality. Company’s mission is continual value addition through process improvements, innovation, up-gradation and capacity addition with sharp focus on customer satisfaction through prompt response, supplies to mutually agreed specification and timely delivery.
For further info: www.jindal-svi.com
E-mail: sales@siddhivinayakispat.com

Sany Group: Outperforming market expectations
SANY Group Co. Of China was established in 1989 and Chairman Liang Wengen is the major founder. During the last 20 years, Sany Group has built a renowned industry and ranks 18th among the top 50 construction equipment manufacturers around the world, and is one of the biggest concrete machinery manufacturers in the world. At present, Sany Group employs a staff of more than 50,000. In 2009, Sany sales volume was 30.6 billion RMB witnessing an increase of 56.6% as compared to the same period of the previous year. In 2011, Sany has listed in Top 500 global companies in terms of market capitalization and also have made record of making world largest crawler crane.
Sany Heavy Industry India
Sany Heavy Industry India was established in December 2002. In India Sany has corporate hub with biggest Sany Overseas manufacturing plant at MIDC Chakan, Pune and it covers all 28 states and 6 union territories with regional offices & Spare parts outlets across India at Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata ,Hyderabad, Chennai and Sri lanka. Sany is spreading its wings further by appointing experienced and well established dealers to handle Sales, Service and Parts support for our major product range.
Sany product range introduced in India includes Truck Mounted Concrete Pumps, Trailer Pumps, Motor Graders, Crawler Cranes, Mobile Cranes, Drilling Rigs, Port Machines, Coal Mining Machines, Asphalt Pavers, etc. and some of these are leading the ways in India’s construction industry. In 2007, Sany’s Trailer Pump set a new India Pumping record by a single pump delivering concrete vertically to a 215m height at the prestigious project of Imperial Tower, Mumbai.
For further info: www.sany.in
Email: sales@sany.in

Maharashtra Government, Industrialisation, Pune, Multimodal Transport, Township Planning, Affordable Housing, Civic Infrastructure, GDP, Automobile, Softwrare Sector, Tata Motors, Bajaj Auto, Drinking Water, Pune Municipal Corporation, PCMC, TDR, Pune Urban Agglomerate
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